Project Details
Funding Scheme : General Research Fund
Project Number : 17604318
Project Title(English) : Soft Law from the Ground Up: The Role of the UNCITRAL Regional Centre for Asia and the Pacific in the Formation of Transnational Dispute Settlement Norms  
Project Title(Chinese) : 從零開始的軟性法律:貿易法委員會亞洲及太平洋區域中心在製定跨國爭端解決規範的角色 
Principal Investigator(English) : Dr Ali, Shahla 
Principal Investigator(Chinese) : 夏兰 
Department : Department of Law
Institution : The University of Hong Kong
Co - Investigator(s) :
Panel : Humanities, Social Sciences
Subject Area : Social and Behavioural Sciences
Exercise Year : 2018 / 19
Fund Approved : 688,080
Project Status : On-going
Completion Date : 31-8-2021
Abstract as per original application
In recent years, a rich body of work examining how ‘legal norms are developed, conveyed and settled transnationally’ has emerged, ‘integrating both bottom-up and top-down analyses’ (Halliday & Shaffer, 2015). This growing body of work on ‘transnational legal ordering’ (Halliday, 2015) is significant given the increasing involvement of public and private actors in the creation of legal norms beyond the nation state (Twining, 2000; Zumbansen, 2010; Tamanaha, 2000; Halliday & Shaffer, 2015). At the same time, it has been recognised that participation in global norm-making has not, in many cases, been representative of the diversity of global actors, with historically limited representation by non-western states. The aim of the proposed research project is to address this gap by systematically analysing the role of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law Regional Centre for Asia and the Pacific (UNCITRAL RCAP), established in 2012, in coordinating with private and public sector institutions in East Asia in the development, interpretation and application of global cross-border dispute settlement guidelines. Since the mid-1950s, UNCITRAL has engaged in a process of global model law drafting, including most recently its revised Model Law on International Commercial Arbitration and Rules on Transparency in Treaty-based Investor-State Arbitration. While such guidelines provide for regional adaptation, the extent to which they reflect expanded representation in global law-making at both the vertical (between global institutions and individual citizens) and horizontal (between states and international organisations) levels requires further examination. Drawing on a mixed empirical methodology, this study will seek to distil positive lessons from UNCITRAL RCAP's efforts at ‘decentralized transnational law engagement’, elucidate regional dynamics, and glean best practices in the form of law and policy recommendations.
近年出現了一系列豐富的研究,研究「如何跨國發展、傳達和建立法律規範」,並「整合自下而上和自上而下的分析」(Halliday & Shaffer, 2015)。由於公共和私人人士在製定跨越國家之法律規範中的參與日益增加(Twining, 2000; Zumbansen, 2010; Tamanaha, 2000; Halliday & Shaffer, 2015),此類越來越多的「跨國法律秩序」 (Halliday, 2015)研究意義重大 。與此同時,我們意識到在許多情況下,制定全球準則的參與過程並不代表全球的多樣性,如歷年非西方國家的代表性有限。建議研究項目的目的是通過系統分析於2012年成立的聯合國國際貿易法委員會亞洲及太平洋區域中心(UNCITRAL RCAP)在協調東亞私營和公共部門機構製定、解釋和應用解決全球跨境爭端指南的角色。自20世紀50年代中期以來,貿易法委員會參與了全球法律範本的起草,其中包括最近修訂的“國際商事仲裁示範法”和“投資人與國家間基於條約仲裁透明度規則”。雖然這些指南容許區域適應微調,但越來越多的研究工作正在倡議在縱向(全球機構和個別公民之間)和橫向(國家和國際組織之間)兩個層面擴大全球立法的代表性(Alvarez,2007),以通過更有效的參與(Alvarez,2007)、外來保證(Halliday和Carruthers,2007)、區域適應微調(Ali,2010)和跨界別代表(Wheatley,2010)加強合法性。為了回應這種倡議,本研究將尋求從“分散的跨國法律參與”中汲取正面教訓,闡明區域動態,並以法律和政策建議的形式得出最佳做法。
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