Project Details
Funding Scheme : General Research Fund
Project Number : 18622622
Project Title(English) : Hong Kong Modernism in Wenyi Xinchao  
Project Title(Chinese) : 《文藝新潮》與香港現代主義  
Principal Investigator(English) : Dr Au, Chung To 
Principal Investigator(Chinese) :  
Department : Department of Literature and Cultural Studies
Institution : The Education University of Hong Kong
Co - Investigator(s) :
Panel : Humanities, Social Sciences
Subject Area : Humanities and Arts
Exercise Year : 2022 / 23
Fund Approved : 182,000
Project Status : On-going
Completion Date : 30-6-2024
Abstract as per original application
No consensus has been achieved on when literary modernism began in Hong Kong. Some critics trace the beginning of Hong Kong modernism to the 1950s, while others argue that its roots lie further back. While it is difficult to determine beginning of Hong Kong modernism with precision, it is an indisputable fact that the publication of Wenyi Xinchao [Literary New Wave] in the 1950s by Ma Lang (a.k.a. Ma Boliang), who served as a poet-cum-editor of the magazine, was crucial for the later development of Hong Kong modernism. The relationship between the magazine and modernism has been the focal point for much discussion since then. However, to what extent did the magazine devote to promoting modernism is controversial. For example, while Ma Lang claimed that the magazine was meant to advocate modernism in Hong Kong in the 1950s, a major and regular contributor to the magazine, Lee Wai-Ling, thought otherwise. In the seventh issue of the magazine, Lee remarks that whether the much-used term “modernism” should be considered a catch-all term is still a question that has yet to be answered. Despite the fact that no consensus has been reached about the relationship between the magazine and modernism, it is a common belief that the magazine has had a potent influence on the later development of Hong Kong modernism. Therefore, rather than following along with the current discussion, this proposed project will focus on the following question: What are the elements of modernism to be found in the magazine? Among previous studies it should be noted that only a few have actually investigated the characteristics of modernism. In addition, the recent development of Western modernist discourse has not been taken into account. This project aims to bridge this research gap by examining all fifteen issues of the magazine. Two distinctive features of Hong Kong modernism observed in the magazine will be discussed in detail. This study argues that the transformative political stance of the magazine, from nationalism to localism over the years, and its localized Chinese lyrical tradition are in fact a progressive and future-oriented force in the development of Hong Kong modernism. Upon reconsidering the characteristics of modernism found in the magazine, this project will help conceptualize the distinctive features of early Hong Kong modernism.
香港現代主義究竟始於何時到目前為止還沒有定論。例如,有部分學者認為香港現代主義的起點是五十年代,但亦有研究認為應該追溯至更早的時間。雖然要為香港現代主義的起點定一個準確的年份並不容易,但一般認同《文藝新潮》在這個文學思潮中扮演十分重要的角色。《文藝新潮》於1950年代由馬朗(馬博良)出版,他本身是詩人但同時亦是這本文學雜誌的編輯。由於《文藝新潮》對香港現代主義發展影響深遠,所以兩者的關係一直是研究及討論的焦點。然而,到底《文藝新潮》多大程度上倡導現代主義仍然需要進一步討論。事實上,雖然馬朗指出《文藝新潮》是旨在推動現代主義的發展,但雜誌的主要撰稿人之一李維陵卻持不同想法。李維陵在雜誌的第七期中指出,「現代主義」這個概念能否涵蓋現代生活的種種問題是值得反思,及有待研究。 正如上述提到儘管香港現代主義的起點還沒有定論,但較能肯定的是《文藝新潮》對香港現代主義日後的發展有重要的影響,因此是項研究將集中在以下的議題上:《文藝新潮》包含了哪些現代主義的特徵?事實上,在現有的研究中只有極少數對現代主義的特質進行探討。同樣地,現有的分析亦很少參考最新的西方現代主義論述。這項研究希望透過分析雜誌全部內容(共十五期),嘗試補充這些方面的研究,其中焦點會放在以下兩種重要的特色。這個研究計劃提出並且說明這本雜誌政治取向的轉變(由民族主義改變為本土主義),以及把中國抒情傳統本地化這兩種特徵,為日後香港現代主義的發展奠定了基礎。 是項研究計畫相信通過把《文藝新潮》中主要的現代主義特色勾劃出來,會有助理解早期香港現代主義的特徵。
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