Project Details
Funding Scheme : Early Career Scheme
Project Number : 27606919
Project Title(English) : Political Community and the Legal Status of Established States 
Project Title(Chinese) : 政治共同體和已確立的國家的法律地位 
Principal Investigator(English) : Mr Green, Alexander Giles 
Principal Investigator(Chinese) : N/A 
Department : Department of Law
Institution : The University of Hong Kong
Co - Investigator(s) :
Panel : Humanities, Social Sciences
Subject Area : Social and Behavioural Sciences
Exercise Year : 2019 / 20
Fund Approved : 455,520
Project Status : Terminated
Completion Date : 7-8-2020
Abstract as per original application
This project will examine three features of the international legal system in light of an inter-related group of moral values, which I refer to as ‘political community’. These three features each concern legal statehood as an international status. The first is that, through their representatives, states can modify the content of international law. The second is that states possess equivalent status insofar as they are equally subject to the international rule of law. Finally, the third is that states are fundamentally territorial entities. Through interdisciplinary legal and philosophical analysis, I will ask whether these features can each be justified in terms of political community, such that those values should be considered indispensable when explaining international law. These values each relate to the idea that states are valuable because they partake of the intrinsic value possessed by the political actions of private individuals. This novel conception of political community will be used to provide original insights into the content of international law, making a significant contribution to existing philosophical and legal debates. It also has the potential to provide new argumentative resources for a number of international legal actors, including United Nations treaty bodies. Whilst ‘the state’ has received significant attention from philosophers, few have examined statehood as an international legal status. Even relatively recent scholarship concerning the creation of international law, international legality, and the idea of territory, has problematically conflated states with their governments. By integrating theory with a careful reading of legal practice, I aim to provide legal context to existing philosophical arguments, as well as produce philosophy that speaks more directly to the concerns of doctrinal international lawyers. My doctoral thesis accomplished this by establishing a connection between political community and the law on emerging statehood. This project will instead consider the legal status of established states. I shall publish two articles in peer-reviewed law journals. One shall address the generation of international law through state practice, with the other examining the international rule of law. A third piece– concerning the idea of territory – will be published in a collection of essays that I will edit, entitled ‘Structural Principles for International Law’. This collection will be the product of a two day interdisciplinary conference, held at my home institution. This will disseminate my research and provide opportunities for feedback. I shall also produce one policy briefing paper to promote impact amongst two key international actors.
鑑於一組相關的道德觀 ---- 在此我會把它指作“政治共同體“,這個項目會檢驗三個國際法系的特徵。這三個特徵,每一個都把合法的國家地位視作國際地位。當中的第一個是,通過它們的代表,國家能修改國際法的內容。第二,當國家同樣地受制於國際法治,它們就擁有一樣的地位。第三,國家根本上是領土實體。通過跨學科的法律和哲學分析,我會問到底這些特徵是否能在政治共同體方面成為正當理由,從而令這些價值觀在解釋國際法時不可或缺。 這些道德觀都與國家是價值重大的概念有關,因為它們擁有私人個體的政治行動所具備的固有價值觀。這個新的政治共同體的概念會為國際法的內容供原始的見解,從而為現存的哲學和法律辯論作出巨大的貢獻。它也有潛質去為一些國際行動者,包括聯合國條約機構,提供新的爭辯性資源。 雖然“國家”引起哲學家巨大的關注,他們很少曾把國家地位檢驗為國際地位。即使是最近在探討國際法的產生、國際合法性和領土的概念的學術界,都曾有問題地用國家來形容政府。結合理論和嚴謹的法律實踐,我計劃為現存的哲學性論據提供法律背景,和創造更直接地提及學說性國際律師的關注的哲學。通過建立政治共同體和正在出現的國家地位的法律之間的關聯,我的博士論文會達成這個計劃。這個項目反而會研究已確立的國家的法律地位。 我會在法律同行評審期刊上發表兩篇文章,一篇關於通過國家實踐的國際法的一代,另一篇檢驗國際法治。關於領土的概念的第三篇,會在一系列我會編輯的文章 ----“國際法“中發表。這個系列會是一個在我所在的機構舉行的、為期兩天的跨學科會議的成果。我也會寫一篇政策簡報,在兩個主要國際行動者當中宣傳它的影響。
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